Restrictions on learner drivers

After you pass your knowledge test and get your learner permit you must comply with the learner driver restrictions when driving.

Learner permit restrictions

All car learner permit holder must:

  • carry their learner permit card or receipt at all times while driving
  • display ‘L’ plates on the front and rear of the vehicle, visible from a distance of 20 metres
  • have an experienced driver seated beside them at all times while driving. The experienced driver must hold a full and current (not probationary, provisional or learner’s) driver licence which authorises the person to drive that motor vehicle*
  • must have a zero Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) at all times while driving
  • not use a mobile phone, including hands free, hand held and any messaging while driving
  • not tow a trailer or vehicle.

* This includes a full driver licence issued by another jurisdiction (ie interstate or overseas). 

Minimum holding time

Under 21 years of age

  • You must hold your learner permit for at least 12 months continuously, in the period immediately before applying for a driver licence.

Over 21 years of age and under 25

  • You must hold your learner permit for at least 6 months continuously, in the period immediately before applying for a driver licence.

Over 25 years of age

  • You must hold your learner permit for at least 3 months continuously, in the period immediately before applying for a driver licence.

The minimum holding time must not be broken by a suspension, cancellation or by allowing the permit to expire. If it is, this holding time will not be recognised.

Minimum time period exemption

If you are unable to hold a learner permit for the minimum time required, you may apply for an exemption

Issued exemptions

If an exemption is granted, conditions will be applied. This information will be sent to you in writing and must be carried at all times while driving. VicRoads may cancel any exemption granted.

Tractors

If you want to drive a tractor you need to check the driving a tractor requirements.

Experienced (supervising) driver

If you are a supervising driver and want to understand your role and responsibilities go to the guide for supervising drivers in the learner kit. Visit the learner handbooks and 120 hours driving experience pages for more information.

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