If you plan on towing a caravan, there are some important safety rules and tips you need to know.
Your caravan must be registered before it can be towed on the road.
Move an unregistered caravan
To move an unregistered caravan get an Unregistered vehicle permit
Register your caravan
To find out how to register your caravan visit Register a trailer or caravan
Your caravan must be roadworthy
To be towed on the road, caravans must be roadworthy.
You should regularly check your caravan to make sure the:
- coupling and safety chains are in good condition
- brakes and external lights are working
- wheels, bearings, tyres and suspension are in good condition, especially if you haven't used the caravan for a while
- tyres are of the same construction on all wheels and have a tread depth of 1.6mm or more.
If you are unsure how to do this, a mechanic can help you. It is also a good idea to have a mechanic regularly service your caravan.
Make sure your car is ready for towing
Not all cars can tow a caravan.
Check that your car:
- has enough power to tow your caravan
- is regularly serviced and is in good mechanical condition
- has good rear vision when the caravan is attached, you may need to fit extension mirrors to your car
- has the correct towbar for the type and weight of your caravan
- if you are unsure whether you have the correct towbar, vehicle manufacturers and towbar retailers can help you.
Some car manufacturers can sell you 'load distributing hitches', which can improve the safety of towing your caravan.
Caravan rules & regulations
There are rules and regulations which apply when towing a caravan.
- The caravan must be roadworthy.
- The caravan must be registered.
- Nothing can be towed behind the caravan.
- No one can travel inside the caravan.
- The towbar must not hide the car's number plate once the caravan has been disconnected.
- The caravan cannot be towed by a learner or p1 probationary driver, except under particular conditions.
- The caravan cannot exceed weight limits.
Once you have loaded your caravan, its weight should not exceed:
- the maximum weight recommended by the caravan manufacturer
- the towing limits recommended by the car's manufacturer, or
- the weight rating of the towbar.
Some laws can be different from State to State. If you are travelling interstate with your caravan, check individual State or Territory regulations before you leave.
Tips for towing a caravan
Towing a caravan can change your car's performance.
Here are some caravan towing tips.
- Before going on a long trip, practise towing on shorter trips.
- Towing decreases acceleration and braking ability. Be aware of this especially when approaching corners.
- Leave more space than usual between you and the vehicle in front, and allow extra time and space if you are turning into traffic.
- Reversing with a caravan is difficult, so practise reversing in a safe environment with someone to guide you. Where possible drive forward out from a parking spot.
- Make sure load distributing hitches are set up properly and the caravan is loaded correctly. This will reduce the chance of the caravan swaying.
- Be careful driving in poor conditions or in high winds. There is more chance of swaying in high winds or when passing larger vehicles.
- Keep left to give overtaking vehicles room to pass and where possible, pull over to allow vehicles following to overtake.
- When you are overtaking, allow more time and distance and make sure you are well past the vehicle before moving back into the lane.
- Plan plenty of rest stops to avoid the onset of tiredness.
Light Trailer Safety Chain Shackles
If you’re towing a trailer, you’re required to have a safety connection device on your car in addition to your normal tow coupling. This safety connection device acts as a backup if your tow coupling breaks or detaches from your vehicle.
Your safety connection device can be anything that connects your trailer with your towing vehicle including chains, cables, shackles, or any combination of these. The final point between the safety chain/cable and the towing vehicle is usually a D shackle.
Do I need a load-rated shackle to connect my safety chain/cable?
Whilst using a load-rated shackle isn’t mandatory, it’s a good idea to choose a shackle to suit your trailer and towing vehicle.
Suitable shackles include:
- shackles supplied as original equipment by the original vehicle manufacturer (e.g. Ford, Holden, Toyota etc.)
- shackles supplied by an original equipment tow bar manufacturer
- shackles that are rated and compliant with Australian Standard AS 2741 “Shackles” or other equivalent recognised standards AND the break load limit of the shackle is rated at least 1.5 times greater than the Aggregate Trailer Mass (ATM) of the trailer (see below for example).
Recommended shackle/trailer ratios
(break load limit at least 1.5 times ATM)