Licence categories

There are categories of motor vehicles for the purpose of licensing in Victoria. You can also apply for a marine licence, tow truck accreditation or authority to drive in a hazardous area.

Car licence category

You can drive a vehicle that does not exceed 4.5 tonnes Gross Vehicle Mass (GVM) and can seat up to 12 adults including the driver. This does not include motor cycles and motor trikes. You may tow a single trailer up to 9 tonne GVM or to the manufacturer's specifications (whichever is less).

A car learner permit can be obtained from 16 years of age. A car driver licence can be obtained from 18 years of age.

This is shown as 'Car' under licence type on a Victorian driver licence.

Check how to get your learner permit or probationary driver licence.

Motorcycle licence category

You can drive a two or three wheeled vehicle that includes a sidecar, forecar or trailer and includes a motor trike. You must drive a motorcycle that is permitted under the Learner Approved Motorcycle Scheme as soon as you get a motorcycle licence.

A motorcycle learner permit or licence can be obtained from 18 years of age.

This is shown as 'R' under licence type on a Victorian driver licence.

Check how to get your motorcycle licence.

Marine licence category

A marine licence allows you to operate a motorised boat in Victorian waters. You can also have your marine licence endorsed to operate personal watercraft.

You must be at least 12 years of age to apply for a restricted marine licence.

Check how to get your marine licence.

Tractor licence category

See Driving a tractor for more information.

Heavy vehicle licence category

To drive a truck or bus with a Gross Vehicle Mass (GVM) greater than 4.5 tonnes or a bus which seats more than 12 adults you will need a Victorian heavy vehicle licence.

Heavy vehicle licences are issued in five different categories:

  • Light Rigid (LR)
  • Medium Rigid (MR)
  • Heavy Rigid (HR)
  • Heavy Combination (HC)
  • Multi Combination (MC)
These heavy vehicle licence categories have different eligibility requirements.

More information on these heavy vehicle licence categories is included below.

Victorian heavy vehicle licences are issued in five different categories, these represent various industry requirements. The Victorian heavy vehicle licence is recognised throughout Australia. However, if you move interstate and reside there for more than three months, you will need to get a driver licence in that state.

The licence categories below display what you can drive and when you are eligible to attempt the assessments for a particular category.

Description of vehicle What you
can drive
Eligibility
Light rigid (LR)Image of a light rigid vehicle
  • has a gross vehicle mass (GVM) more than 4.5 tonnes but not more than 8 tonnes

  • seats more than 12 adults (including the driver) and has a GVM not more than 8 tonnes
  • a car
  • a light rigid vehicle
  • a car or light rigid vehicle that is towing a single trailer that has a GVM not more than 9 tonnes
  • a tractor or a tractor that is towing a trailer of any size
To apply for this category you must have held an Australian car driver licence for at least 12 months.
Medium rigid (MR)Image of a medium rigid vehicle
  • has a gross vehicle mass (GVM) more than 8 tonnes and has no more than 2 axles
  • any vehicle or combination of vehicles the holder of a light; rigid vehicle licence is authorised to drive
  • a medium rigid vehicle
  • a medium rigid vehicle that is towing a single trailer (other than a semi trailer) that has a GVM not more than 9 tonnes
To apply for this category you must have held an Australian car driver licence for at least 12 months.
Heavy rigid (HR)Image of a heavy rigid vehicle
  • a motor vehicle that has a gross vehicle mass (GVM) more than 8 tonnes and has 3 or more axles (whether or not the wheels on those axles are on the road)
  • a bus consisting of more than one rigid section which are connected to one another so as to allow rotary movement and passenger access between the sections
  • any vehicle or combination of vehicles the holder of a medium rigid vehicle licence is authorised to drive
  • a heavy rigid vehicle
  • a heavy rigid vehicle that is towing a single trailer (other than a semi trailer) that has a GVM not more than 9 tonnes
To apply for this category you must have held an Australian car driver licence for at least 24 months.
Heavy combination (HC)Image of a Heavy Combination Vehicle
  • a prime mover to which is attached a single semi-trailer that has a gross vehicle mass (GVM) more than 9 tonnes plus any unladen converter dolly, or
  • a rigid motor vehicle to which is attached a trailer that has a GVM more than 9 tonnes plus any unladen converter dolly.
  • any vehicle or combination of vehicles the holder of a heavy rigid vehicle licence is authorised to drive
  • a heavy combination vehicle
To apply for this category you must have held an Australian car driver licence for at least 24 months, and an Australian driver licence to drive a Medium Rigid or Heavy Rigid licence for at least 12 months (includes any combination of holding a MR or HR licence, including 364 days on MR and 1 day on HR), and have completed a driver training course approved by VicRoads.
Multi combination (MC)Image of a Multi Combination vehicle
  • any motor vehicle or combination of vehicles other than a motor cycle
To apply for this category you must have held an Australian driver licence to drive a Heavy Combination vehicle or a Heavy Rigid vehicle for a period of at least 12 months (includes any combination of holding a HR or HC licence, including 364 days on HR and 1 day on HC) and have completed a driver training course approved by VicRoads.

Find out how to get a heavy vehicle licence including how to apply for an exemption from these eligibility minimum holding periods.

Other licence types include:

You can also get a proof of age card from VicRoads.

 

Gross Vehicle Mass (GVM)

GVM means the maximum loaded mass of the vehicle:

  • as specified by the vehicle's manufacturer, or
  • as specified by VicRoads on the vehicle record if:
    • the manufacturer has not specified the maximum loaded mass
    • the manufacturer cannot be identified, or
    • the vehicle has been modified to the extent that the manufacturer's specification is no longer appropriate.

Gross Combination Mass (GCM)

GCM means the greatest possible sum of the maximum loaded mass of the motor vehicle and of any vehicles that may lawfully be towed by it at one time, as specified by either the manufacturer of the motor vehicle or by VicRoads.

When specified by the vehicle manufacturer, the GCM will be located on a plate the manufacturer has fixed to the vehicle or in another place.

The GCM will be specified by the VicRoads when:

  • the manufacturer has not specified the sum of the maximum loaded mass, or
  • the manufacturer cannot be identified, or
  • the vehicle has been modified to the extent that the manufacturer's specification is no longer appropriate.

Tare mass

In relation to a trailer, tare mass means its unladen mass when it is in ordinary running condition and not carrying persons or goods.

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