Hazard perception test

To get your probationary driver licence you must first pass the hazard perception test and drive test.

Book an appointment to take a hazard perception test

Hazard perception test

  • It is a computer based test.
  • You have 45 minutes to complete it.
  • You can only sit the test at VicRoads Customer Service Centre
  • The test is available in 14 languages (screen text and audio assistance)*.
  • Your responses will be assessed in terms of safety.

*Albanian, Arabic, Cambodian, Chinese (Mandarin), English, Macedonian, Persian, Russian, Serbian, Sinhalese, Somali, Spanish, Turkish and Vietnamese

You will watch 28 short videos, taken from a driver’s perspective and demonstrate when you would react if you were driving or were the driver (e.g. slow down, overtake, start to turn, move off, or no action). You will also be presented with traffic scenes where new drivers are more likely to crash.

Each video runs for approximately 30 seconds and you must click the mouse when you think it is safe to perform the required task, unless you decide no action is required.

The test checks:

  • that you can recognise and react to hazards such as other vehicles, pedestrians and cyclists
  • your ability to observe the whole road scene and to respond safely to possible hazards.


To be eligible to sit the hazard perception test:

  • you must be at least 17 years and 11 months of age
  • you must to hold a current learner permit (or successful test results for the learner permit knowledge test if an overseas driver).

Hazard perception test results

A score of 54% or more is required to pass. The test results are valid for 12 months. If you don't get your driver licence within 12 months of passing the Hazard Perception Test, you will have to sit the test again.

Get as much supervised on-road experience as possible in a broad range of driving situations.

Supervising drivers and driving instructors can help you to fine tune your hazard perception skills by using some of the techniques described in the Learner Kit and Road to solo driving handbook.

DriveSmart (External link) is a free program which helps you practise your skills and become a more experienced and safer driver.

Example still images

Below are some example still images, to give you an idea of what the video scenarios in the Hazard Perception Test are like

Example image 1

In dash view of a vehicle stopped at an intersection with traffic lights. The lights are green and there is one car coming towards the intersection in the opposite direction.

On screen text: You are stationary and wish to turn right at this intersection. Click the mouse when it is safe to do so.

Example image 2

Dash view of a moving vehicle at 30km/h on a 2 lane residential road. The vehicle is in the right lane which has tram tracks. There is one vehicle, a white van, in the left lane ahead.

On screen text: You are driving straight ahead. Click the mouse when it is safe to stop.

Example image 3

In dash view of a vehicle travelling at 30km/h on a single lane carriageway road in the commercial shopping area.

On screen text: You are driving behind a cyclist. Click the mouse when it is safe to overtake.

Example image 4

In vehicle dash vehicle of a vehicle travelling at 80km/h, on a single carriageway rural highway

On screen text: You are driving straight ahead and approaching a hazard. Click the mouse when you think you should slow down.

To make an appointment you can:

* A card payment fee applies

If you need to change your appointment you must pay an additional appointment fee. The hazard perception test fee will be transferred to the new appointment (or refunded if the test is cancelled) if at least 24 hours notice is given. Visit the driver licence and learner permit fees page for more information.

Failure to provide at least 24 hours notice will result in you forfeiting your appointment and test fees. No refund will be provided.

Please note that once the appointment is booked, it can only be changed by the appointment holder.

If you are more than 5 minutes late for your appointment, you will be required to rebook your appointment for the next available timeslot and pay another appointment fee.

There are no fee concessions available for appointment, test or licence fees.

Hazard perception test and drive test bookings on the same day

You can book your hazard perception test and on-road drive test on the same day, however two appointment fees must be paid.


What to bring to the appointment

You will need to bring your learner permit or your original evidence of identity documents to the hazard perception test appointment.

Test results

When you have completed the hazard perception test you will receive your results straight away.

Number of tests per day

You are only allowed to attempt the hazard perception test twice in one day.

Drive test booking on the same day

If you have booked your hazard perception test and your drive test for the same day and you do not pass the hazard perception test:

  • you are not allowed to attempt the drive test on that day
  • you will need to make a new appointment to sit the hazard perception test
  • you will need to pay an appointment transfer fee as the drive test appointment must be rescheduled.

Hazard perception is a complex mental skill where you are able to identify and avoid potential hazards. New drivers are more likely to have a crash, particularly in the first 12 months of driving. This is because hazard perceptions skills take a long time to develop.

Experienced drivers scan the road better and are quicker to recognise that a hazardous situation is developing and take action. This provides experienced drivers with better safety margins and more time to react compared to new drivers.

Skills tested by hazard perception test and drive test

The hazard perception test and the drive test assess two different types of skills. The drive test focuses mostly on car handling skills and your ability to drive safely in traffic. The hazard perception test checks you can recognise and react to hazards such as other vehicles, pedestrians and cyclists.

In combination with the drive test, the hazard perception test:

  • provides more information about your ability to drive safely
  • helps focus on skills that have a close relationship with crash risk
  • includes traffic situations that may never occur during the drive test.

Good hazard perception involves the following.

  • scanning for hazards all around your car by keeping your eyes and head moving to look for potential hazards and changes in the road environment such as unexpected road users (e.g. motorcyclists, pedestrians)
  • recognising potential hazards
  • planning well ahead
  • anticipating potential hazards and reacting early
  • keeping a safe distance from other vehicles. This will give you plenty of time to react to unexpected hazards. For example, keep at least a two second gap in front and keep plenty of space around your vehicle as a safety margin.
  • driving at a safe speed for the conditions
  • slowing down and stopping if required
  • making safe decisions while dealing with more than one potential hazard at a time.

A hazard is anything that increases your risk of having a crash. This includes anything that you have to react to so you avoid a crash. Situations to look for that could result in a hazard are:

  • vehicles stopping ahead of you
  • other vehicles at intersections - whether you are turning or going straight ahead
  • curves in the road or changing road surfaces
  • vehicles with their indicators on
  • motorcyclists - especially as they can appear when you are not expecting them
  • pedestrians near buses or trams
  • pedestrians stepping out from behind parked cars
  • pedestrians crossing the road
  • other traffic when turning
  • vehicles merging or changing lanes
  • slippery/gravel surfaces or rain/fog.

The most common types of crashes for new drivers are:

  • rear end crashes involving two vehicles travelling in the same direction
  • crashes involving turning right in front of oncoming traffic
  • being hit on the right, by right turning traffic
  • colliding with other vehicles coming from the opposite direction (head on crashes)
  • running off the road on a curve or bend, or on a straight section of the road, and hitting an object such as a tree or parked vehicle.

These common crash types suggest that new drivers have problems detecting and avoiding hazards at intersections, on curves and in traffic.

  • Slow down and always drive at a speed that suits the conditions.
  • Leave larger gaps between your vehicle and the one in front (always use the two second gap rule).
  • Leave plenty of space between your vehicle and oncoming traffic when turning at intersections.
  • Focus all your attention on driving and don't get distracted by passengers or by doing other things in the car.
  • Never drive when you are tired or affected by alcohol or other drugs.

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